(continued from previous page)

The Northwest Territory told the first territorial governors to adopt the statutes of any one of the original 13 states for the territory until they had enough qualified voters to elect a legislative assembly for the territory.  The assembly would then have the power to enact new laws (consistent with the fundamental principles of democracy) and the US Congress would have the veto power over them.

Apparently, the first territorial government adopted the laws of a state that allowed it to charter private corporations in the public interest.  The modern equivalent of such state-chartered corporations would be Waste Management Inc, HMOs, and public utilities such as ComEd, Peoples Gas, and AT&T.  The private public interest corporations could have no power to levy taxes on the general population nor acquire any power by charter over the private property of customers and non-customers alike.  A monopoly on a specific service was unthinkable, and common people would always have alternative means to fulfill their needs for garbage disposal, heat, light, mechanization, and health care.

The Northwest territorial government used a state power to establish private for profit public service corporations to charter a government for Detroit with even more powers than royal cities on the east coast.

Royal cities on US soil didn't need a power to tax city inhabitants because all the inhabitants were renters, and as long as the city council kept the terms of leases short, the city council could raise all the revenue it wanted by raising the annual rent and any fees it charged for its services.

The city council owned all the facilities of all providers of public service providers; could give a provider of its choice a monopoly on the service; and the councilors could enjoy the kickbacks and bribes that came with its royal prerogatives.

A writer for the Encyclopedia Britannica said that English cities are a blot on the English constitution.  The English constitution does no more than share royal prerogatives with the Parliament.  Though the Parliament has expanded its membership from the highest lords of the realm to the elected representatives of most of the common people, the Parliament still operates on a monarchical rather than a democratic foundation.

American cities are a much bigger blot on the American constitution.  The perpetuation of old royal cities habituated Americans to new royal cities.  People who were used to paying rent after they paid for a lease didn't understand the difference between what monarchies and democracies can impose on them.  Buying full title to land from the US government felt about the same as buying a lease from a royal city council.  Paying tax on the land felt about the same as paying rent.

American cities even one-up and put-down the empires on the collection of tribute.  Imperial cities were small because they needed only enough land to give tax collectors and bookkeepers some office space.  The money was in taxing people outside cities.

Now the money is in taxing people inside cities.  The larger the city, the larger the tax revenue is likely to be.  The larger the tax revenue can be, the larger the debt will become.  People all over the world can buy and profit from the debt.  Outsiders who buy the debt couldn't care less about quality of life in cities.

For this reason American cities are self-fulfilling prophecies.  Government failure is more profitable than government success.  Successful police, social workers, teachers, construction contractors, and health care professionals make their jobs obsolete.  When the excuse to tax city inhabitants for city services dwindles, so do kickbacks, because there are no jobs to fill, no contracts to hand out, and no debt to sell.

Chicago grew by convincing a few inhabitants of surrounding 6-mile square townships to vote for annexation.  The online history of Township 40N (Jefferson) says that lousy township services were the argument to vote for annexation.  You have to wonder how much city officials paid township service providers to slack off. 

The problem since annexation is lousy city services at premium prices.  If civilians don't teach other, they don't get taught.  If civilians don't protect each other, they don't get protected.  If civilians don't use common sense, they waste their lives as inpatients, outpatients and clients.

Public officials being what they are, they take credit and demand pay increases for civilian successes.

No American government entity has attempted to equalize the size of American cities for land area or population.  Some municipalities are giant horror movie amoeba and some are spots of dust on the map.

Democracy is not majority rule.  Democracy is government that gets its power from the people.  The foundation of democracy in the people limits the power of government officials to the power or rights of individual persons.  (The rights haven't been defined because vagueness gives power to public officials and money to private attorneys.)

If democracy were majority rule, US government still fails to be democratic  Though constitutions and charters ensure that the acts of legislative bodies must be approved by 50% or more of their members, these same constitutions and charters don't ensure that the members of legislative bodies are approved by 50% of civilians qualified to vote. 

(continued on next page)

Tutorials are pdfs of Powerpoint presentations in notes page view. 

Please click 'fit page' in your pdf reader.

Books identified by author and publication date

are from Google and other internet libraries

top illustration:

Detail, interactive on-line map. Bird's-eye-view of the business district of Chicago

Chicago (IL): Poole Brothers (1898)

Library of Congress Geography and Map Division, Washington, DC. 20540-4650 USA

g4104c pm001530   http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g4104c.pm001530   #G4104.C6A3 1898 .P6

Ordinances of the municipal corporation of Chicago

(a selection of local laws reformatted for careful study)

Ratio of Chicago police to the general population of Chicago

(ratio of police to people increased 600% 1970-2010)

Misc. documents: US municipalities

45.5 mb

2014 June 30

Misc. documents: Chicago

48 mb

2014 June 30

City Residential Land Development: Studies in Planning

Yeomans, A.B. (1916)

11.3 mb

Yeomans made a book of entries in a City Club contest for ways to lay out housing and amenities on a quarter section of land.  Real estate speculators bought the quarter sections cheap in the 1830s, traded them like baseball cards up to the 1920s, at which time they divided their tracts into lots and sold the lots with and without houses on them.  All the evils of city life follow on their refusal to accept reasonable guidelines.  Instead, they created small narrow lots that make inhabitants feel like caged  animals or prisoners and act accordingly.  The more recently that a family or individual lived on a farm, the more caged and angry they feel in the city.

(includes 911 employees after creation of 911 facilities)  (excludes most private security employees, some of whom work for companies with city contracts and all of whom do what people pay police to do)

The ratio of police to people remained low and constant with the immigration of European ethnics and southern blacks.  The ratio got larger during Hispanic immigration.  Though it's politically incorrect and you can invoke tantrums and punishment for a person to say so, the data says that Hispanics -- as the discrete race they want to be -- have a criminal nature and should be excluded from US society.  Nonetheless Hispanic officials abuse anti-discrimination laws and use federal homeland security funds to enforce double standards that criminalize whites and blacks and make Hispanics the privileged people they want to be.

If your neighbor can't do it to you directly, your neighbor can't empower his state

representative to tell city officials they can do it to you directly; nor can aldermen

get proactive and grant themselves the power without going through the state

Materials are presented for educational purposes only.

I'm not a licensed attorney and  don't intend the materials presented here

to replace the services of licensed attorneys

I work alone on a small, fixed personal  income.  If you appreciate my work,

take advantage of it, and are able, please make a financial contribution.

Laurel Lee

Time For Democracy

Box 477235

1704 N. Milwaukee

Chicago, IL  60647-7235

updated 2015 September


practical applications